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Biodiversity Assestment of Mt. Tumpa Forest Park, North SulawesI

Tallei, Trina Ekawati (2015) Biodiversity Assestment of Mt. Tumpa Forest Park, North SulawesI. In: Seminar Nasional FMIPA dan Himpunan Kimia Indonesia (HKI) – Sains untuk Kehidupan, 25 Agustus 2015.

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      Abstract

      A study was conducted to assess the diversity of biological communities at Mt. Tumpa forest park, in North Sulawesi. This subregion is part of a mixture of flora and fauna of the area known as Wallacea region. According to Indonesian Government Regulation No. 68, 1998, forest park is a nature conservation area for the purpose of collection of plants and animals which are utilized for research, science, education, cultivation, culture, tourism, and recreation. Surveys conducted in this area were on ecosystem types, fauna, and vegetation analysis.There are 4 main ecosystem types at Mt. Tumpa forest park, namely primary and secondary rain forests, shrub, grassland, and agricultural land. Vegetation analysis on forest vegetation at eleveation 400-500 m revealed that Spathodea campanulata has the highest Important value index (IVI) 127,08 % and 126,09 % for tree and pole, respectively, whereas Ficus sp. with IVI 46,95% and 41,72% for sapling and seedling, respectively. Mammals found here among others were fitch bear (Ailurops ursinus), Sulawesi dwarf cuscus (Strigocuscus celebensis), Sulawesi crested macaque (Macaca nigra), Oriental civet (Viverra tangalunga), Sulawesi warty pig (Sus celebensis), and Sulawesi deer (Rusa timorensis macassaricus). Birds found among others were Ashy woodpecker (Mulleripicus fulvus) Knobbed Hornbill (Aceros cassidix), and Purple-winged roller (Coracias temminckii). Family of butterflies found were Nymphalidae (31 species), Papilionidae (11 species), Pieridae (8 species), Riodimidae, and Satyridae. There have been threat to the survival of wildlife at this site, such as habitat distruction, hunting, and illegal wildlife trade. Forest park at Mt. Tumpa has potential to be developed as nature conservation area to support its function as research and education sites, as well to support cultivation, culture, tourism, and recreation.

      Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
      Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
      Divisions: Fakultas Matematika dan IPA > Biologi
      Depositing User: Mr. Benhard W. Tampangela, ST
      Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2016 09:47
      Last Modified: 01 Dec 2016 10:19
      URI: http://repo.unsrat.ac.id/id/eprint/1072

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