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Effect of Dried Tomato Meal (Solanum lycopersicum L) in Diet on Performance and Egg Quality of Native chickens

Leke, Jein R. and Mandey, Jet Saartje and Laihad, Jacqluien and Ratulangi, Friets (2016) Effect of Dried Tomato Meal (Solanum lycopersicum L) in Diet on Performance and Egg Quality of Native chickens. In: The 17th Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies Animal Science Congress, 22-25 Agustus 2016, Fukuoka Japan.

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                  Abstract

                  Native chickens contribute a lot to household nulrition and income in rural areas of the tropics (Norris et al' ZO0T). But, improving nutrition for increasing egg and meat production in natfue chickens in lndonesia is critical It was hardier than imported breeds on free range when little or no food is supplied by the owner (Henuk and Bailey,2014) Productivity of native chicken breeds may be doubled with improved diets and management condition (Chowdhury et al, 2O06). But the native chickern have not attained their full production potential due to exposure to risks that influence against their survival and productivity under extensive management conditions (Fanrque et al, 2013). Tomato pomace was a good source of protein, vitamins and minerals but may be limited in energy due to the high non-starch polysaccharides content. The wet tomato pomace contairx 33% seed, 27% skin and 4O% pulp. while the dried pomace contains 44% seed and 56% pulp pkrs skin {sogi and Bawa, 1998). Ihied tomato pomace (DTP) contains 1O% moisture, 20.77% crude protein, 1760 KCal/Kg ME, 39.8% crude fiber, 7.3% ether extract 4.24% ash, 0.5% calcium and 0.45% phosphorus (Jafari et al, 2006. The limiting factors of DTP in poultry diets are low energy and high fiber contents (Squires,et al, 1992), DTP contain remarkable amounts of a α -tocopherol {Bordowski and Geisman, 1980), lutein, β -carotene, and lycopene, which could contribute to a darker yolk color that is desirable for the consumers (Mldowski and Kuchta, 1998). Habanabashaka et al. (2014) reported that up to 6% tomato waste meal can be added in laying hen diets without any adverse effect on egg quality and compromising egg production rate. This inclusion level also showed to be beneficial via enhancing yolk colour score and lycopene concentration and reducing egg yolk cholesterol content. The degree of yolk color is an important criterion in table eggs for consumption as well as manufacturing of egg containing market foaod products (De Groote, 197O). The color of egg yolks is produced bit oxycarotenoids, as xanthophylls pigments, derived from the feed ingredients (Zahroo Jian et aL, 2O11). Vasupen et al (2013) reported that feeding laying hens diets containing tomato pomace at inclusion lO% did not affect egg production, egg weight feed consumption and efficiency of the hens. There are limited studies on the effects of dried tomato meal supplementation in birds, especially native chickens. It is therefore, the experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of dried tomato meal in diet on performance and egg quality of native chickens.

                  Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
                  Subjects: S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
                  Divisions: Fakultas Peternakan > lmu Peternakan
                  Depositing User: Mr. Benhard W. Tampangela, ST
                  Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2017 12:10
                  Last Modified: 20 Apr 2017 14:47
                  URI: http://repo.unsrat.ac.id/id/eprint/1446

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