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PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI BAWANG MERAH (Allium ascalonicum L.) BERBASIS APLIKASI BIOURINE SAPI

Tandi, Olvie G. and Paulus, Jeanne and Pinaria, Arthur (2015) PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI BAWANG MERAH (Allium ascalonicum L.) BERBASIS APLIKASI BIOURINE SAPI. Eugenia , 21 (3). pp. 142-150. ISSN 0854-0276

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        Abstract

        ABSTRACT The research aims to assess the response to the growth and production of onion against of liquid organic fertilizer from cow biourie in some concentrations and to get the best concentration for the growth and production of red onion. The research was conducted atfield experimental in Pandu, North Minahasa regency from May to July 2014. The experiment was designed using a randomized block design. The treatment was concentration of cow biourine namely 0% (B1) 10%, (B2) 20%, (B3) 30%, (B4) 40% and (B5) 50%. Each treatment was replicated three times. Characters observed were plant height, number of leaves, tuber diameter, number of tuber, fresh weight of tuber with leaves and dry weight of tuber. Data was analyzed using analysis of variance. The result showed that the biourine concentration had significant effect on plant height, number of leaves, tuber diameter, number of tuber, fresh weight of tuber with leaves and dry weight of tuber. Treatment of B1, B2, B3 and B4 concentration were not significant difference at plant height. However, those four treatments were significantly different compared to B0 and B5. The fives treatment differed with the control on characters of number of leaves, number of tuber andfresh weight of tuber with leaves. On character of tuber dry weight, B2 treatment was significant difference compared to control whereas the other treatments were not significantly differed. On character of tuber diameter, three treatments were significant difference compared to the control namely B2, B4 and B5. Keywords : Allium ascalonicum L, biourine cow, fertilizer, growth and production ABSTRAK Penelitian bertujuan mengkaji respon pertumbuhan dan produksi bawang merah terhadap pemberian pupuk organik dari biourine sapi pada berbagai konsenrtasi dan mendapatkan konsentrasi terbaik untuk pertumbuhan dan produksi bawang merah. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kebun Percobaan di Pandu, Kabupaten Minahasa Utara dari Mei hingga Juli 2014. Penelitian dirancang dengan menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok.Perlakuan konsentrasi biourine sapi yaitu 0% (B1) 10%, (B2) 20%, (B3) 30%, (B4) 40% dan (B5) 50%.Setiap perlakuan diulang tiga kali. Karakter yang diamati adalah tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun, diameter umbi, jumlah umbi, berat umbi segardengan daun dan berat umbi kering. Data dianalisis menggunakan analisis varian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi biourine memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun, diameter umbi, jumlah umbi, berat umbi segardengan daun dan berat umbi kering dengan daun. Perlakuan konsetrasi B1, B2, B3 dan B4 tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan pada tinggi tanaman. Namun, empat perlakuan berbeda secara signifikan dibandingkan dengan B0 dan B5. Lima perlakuan berbeda nyata dengan kontrol pada karakter jumlah daun, jumlah umbi dan berat segar umbi dengan daun. Pada karakter berat umbi kering dengan daun, perlakuan B2 berbeda secara signifikan dibandingkan dengan kontrol sedangkan perlakuan lainnya tidak berbeda secara signifikan. Pada karakter diameter umbi, tiga perlakuanyaitu B2, B4 dan B5memberikan pengaruh yang signifikan dibanding dengan kontrol. Kata kunci : Allium ascalonicum L, biourine sapi, pemupukan, pertumbuhan dan produksi

        Item Type: Article
        Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
        Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Agroekoteknologi
        Depositing User: Mr. Benhard W. Tampangela, ST
        Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 12:09
        Last Modified: 04 Oct 2020 21:55
        URI: http://repo.unsrat.ac.id/id/eprint/2514

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