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TRANSMISI TRANSOVARIAL VIRUS DENGUE PADA NYAMUK AEDES SPP

Sorisi, Angle M. H. (2013) TRANSMISI TRANSOVARIAL VIRUS DENGUE PADA NYAMUK AEDES SPP. JURNAL BIOMEDIK, 5 (1). ISSN 2085-9481

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    Abstract

    Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is one of the most serious health problems in Indonesia which often causes outbreaks with numerous death. The disease is transmitted by Aedes sp. females. Generally, dengue virus transmission occurs horizontally from human carries, and the dengue viruses are passed on by their vectors through blood sucking activity. After propagation in the mosquito, the viruses are transmitted to human recipients. In addition, there is a vertical transmission (transovarial) of dengue viruses in the ova of Aedes sp. females. The viruses propagate in the ova that undergo metamorphosis to became larvae, pupae, and imagoes. The transovarial transmission of dengue viruses in its vectors in endemic areas could be a causative key which is responsible for the phenomenon of increasing case of DHF. Any effort to prevent and control DHF requires a through understanding about virDen transmission, including this transovarial transmission in Aedessp females. Abstrak: PenyakitDemamBerdarah (DBD) merupakansalahsatumasalahkesehatan yang semakinserius di Indonesia danseringmenimbulkansuatuKejadianLuarBiasa (KLB) denganjumlahkematiantinggi. PenyakitditularkanmelaluiAedes sp. betina.Transmisi virus dengue umumnyaterjadisecara horizontal, yaitudarimanusiapembawa virus dengue kenyamuk vector Aedes sp.melaluiaktivitasnyamengisapdarah. Setelahmengalamipropagasidalamtubuhnyamuk, virus dengue ditularkankemanusiapenerima.Selainitu, transmisi virus dapatterjadisecara vertical (transovarial) yaitu virus dengue dalamtubuhnyamuk vector Aedes sp. betinakeovum ,kemudianberpropagasidalam ovum, larva, pupa,dan imago. Transmisitransovarial virus dengue kevektornya di daerah endemic bias menjadikuncipenyebab yang bertanggungjawabterhadapfenomenapeningkatankasusdemamberdarah dengue.Upayapencegahandanpenanggulangan DBD memerlukanpengetahuan yang matangtentangadanyainfeksitransovarialvirDenpadanyamukAedes sp.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: DBD, transmisitransovarial, Aedes sp
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran > Fakultas Kedokteran Umum
    Depositing User: Steven Ch. Kaunang
    Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2014 11:46
    Last Modified: 28 Nov 2014 11:46
    URI: http://repo.unsrat.ac.id/id/eprint/703

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